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What is Aave? Decoding the Popular DeFi Platform for Beginners

What Is Aave

Perhaps Aave’s biggest weakness is that it requires loans on its platform to be over-collateralized in order to minimize the risk of default. This represents a significant barrier to adoption for many who would prefer to make use of their assets rather than have them tied up as collateral. Aave also faces fairly stiff competition from new entrants and incumbents. Additionally, some fear that the protocol’s cross-chain nature could make it more vulnerable to attacks. Hence, users can take advantage of this window between adding new blocks, and quickly take a flash loan.

  • The token unlocks greater participation and value accrual aligned with the network’s prosperity.
  • To lend crypto on Aave, users can connect a digital wallet to the platform and search through a list of assets that support deposits.
  • Only AAVE that is deposited in the module will get liquidated for the deficit.
  • Speaking of risks and security, one of the most important things you must do before interacting with any DeFi protocol is choosing the right wallet.
  • The stablecoin, which in many ways is similar to MakerDAO’s DAI, will have its value pegged to the US dollar and be backed by a basket of crypto assets chosen by users.

The Aave team has also announced the development of a mobile wallet and plans to expand to popular protocols Curve Finance and Sushiswap. The development team behind Aave would typically need the majority of Aave users to vote on a proposal to increase the supply before proceeding to do so. In the case of a “Shortfall event”, where a liquidity deficit has occurred or is likely to occur, AAVE tokens staked in the Safety Module are sold to cover the deficit. However, if this proves to be inadequate to restore liquidity, a proposal to issue more AAVE is then made to be voted on by the Aave community.

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The smart contract functionality of Ethereum helps Aave in automating the lending and borrowing process, eliminating the need for intermediaries like banks. And, users of Aave have complete control over their assets and can see a transparent record of all the transactions happening on the platform. It was launched in 2017 by Stani Kulechov, following a $17.8 million initial coin offering (ICO).

What Is Aave

If the borrower cannot pay, the transaction is canceled, and the funds are returned to the lender. In exchange for depositing funds and contributing to the liquidity, lenders receive an annual percentage yield (APY) as rewards. Lenders receive rewards in the same asset, in which they deposited the funds. Remember loans accrue interest over time so aim to repay as soon as possible. You can repay at any point by withdrawing the borrowed amount from your wallet to the protocol. Firstly, AAVE can be staked to secure user funds in the safety module, earning stakers rewards in return.

Other key features

Instead, smart contracts (which are computer codes that automate transactions, such as selling if a token price reaches a certain threshold) do the heavy lifting. DeFi removes the middlemen from asset-trading, futures contracts, and savings accounts. When a borrower requests a flash loan from Aave, the user’s smart contract must pay back the loan plus interest and a 0.09% fee. If the contract conditions remain unfulfilled, the transaction stands canceled with no fund transfers, thereby averting any risks. Apart from overcollateralized loans, Aave users can also avail of a different kind of loan called flash loans. In return, lenders earn interest that the borrowers earn when withdrawing loans.

Aave provides a pioneering peer-to-peer crypto lending platform through smart contracts. Users can earn interest on holdings, access collateralized loans, and utilize flashy new features like flash loans. Backed by the AAVE token, it offers community What Is Aave governance and incentives. While risks exist, Aave displays the potential of DeFi to transform finance. Aave has a number of notable competitors, with the biggest ones, when ranked by TVL, being JustLend and Compound, according to DeFiLlama.


The cryptocurrency would be freely available to deposit as collateral. If you’re borrowing, you’re borrowing from a currency pool, not from a lender directly. In March 2021, Aave announced the release of an Automated Market Maker (AMM) Liquidity Pool. In essence, an AMM is a decentralized exchange (DEX) protocol that relies on a mathematical formula to price assets.

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